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Japan Revises the Standards for Food and Food Additives

The residue limits of eight pesticides and veterinary drugs were modified. The relevant testing methods for mineral waters and hazardous substances were amended.

Pesticides and Veterinary Drugs:

On Aug. 31, 2021, Japan MHLW announced to revise the residue limits of six pesticides, one veterinary drug, and one feed additive stipulated in the "Standards and Criteria for Food and Food Additives, etc. ". They are Kasugamycin, Chloropicrin, Trenbolone Acetate, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Validamycin, Fenpropathrin, Prochloraz, 1-methylcyclopropene. In addition, the implementation date for the raised maximum amount is August 31, 2021, while for the reduced maximum amount is August 31, 2022.

In principle, the uniform standard (0.01ppm) applies to foods whose residual limits are listed as "/" , but since Kasugamycin and Validamycin are antibiotics, the "/" part of the two refer to "not detected". Besides, for some foods specified as "not detected", the ingredient shall not be detected when tested according to the prescribed test method.

Notably, the following foods' provisions on the maximum residue limits of Kasugamycin, Validamycin, Fenpropathrin, and Prochloraz also have a one-year transition period. During the period, the previous provisions can still apply to involved foods.

Pesticide

Food

Kasugamycin

Watermelon, Watermelon (including pericarp),Melon, Melon (including pericarp), Orange, Oranges (including outer pericarp), Loquat, loquat (excluding peduncle,including pericarp and seeds), Peach, peach (including pericarp and seeds)

Validamycin

Dioscorea japonica (Dioscorea polystachya), Bok choy, Cauliflower,Endive, Asparagus, Carrot, Celery, Other Apiaceae vegetables, Eggplant, Other Cucurbitaceae vegetables, Other vegetables, Orange, Oranges (including outer pericarp), Peach, peach (including pericarp and seeds), Strawberry, Other herb.

Fenpropathrin

Soy bean, Adzuki bean, Pea, Vicia faba, Other legumes, Potato, Napa cabbage, Broccoli, Eggplant, Cucumber (including Gherkin), Pumpkin (including squash), Oriental pickling melon, Watermelon, Melon, Oriental melon, Other Cucurbitaceae vegetables.,etc.(63 kinds of food in total)

Prochloraz

Rice (brown rice),Soy bean, Adzuki bean, Pea, Vicia faba, Peanut, Other legumes,Potato, taro, Sweet potato, Dioscorea japonica (Dioscorea polystachya), Konjac, Other potatoes, Sugar beet, Saccharum officinarum, Daikon (including radish) Root, Daikon (including radish) Leaves, Turnip root, Turnip leaf, Horseradish, Watercress, Napa cabbage, Cabbage, Brussels sprout,Kale, Komatsuna, Mizuna, Bok choy, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Other Brassicaceae vegetables.,etc.(116 kinds of food in total)

*Feel free to contact ChemLinked if you need the full list

Beverage Standards:

On the same day, MHLW announced that the testing methods for chloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, and trichloroacetic acid have been added to general testing method for the mineral water. The testing method for hexavalent chromium was added to the testing method for some varieties of mineral water. In addition, antimony, hexavalent chromium, chloroacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, and trichloroacetic acid test methods have been added to testing methods for hazardous substances.

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